Among female genital tract cancers, epithelial ovarian cancers are the most difficult to prevent or cure because they rarely have early symptoms or signs. Symptoms tend to develop only when the cancer is advanced. These symptoms include abdominal swelling and discomfort, bloating or wind, pain, change in bowel or urinary habits.
While there is no known way to prevent epithelial ovarian cancer, but research has shown that these things may lower a woman’s chance of getting it:
Although a marker in the blood, called CA 125, is raised in about 80% of patients with epithelial ovarian cancers, it is not always accurate and not adequate for diagnosis of ovarian cancer. It is also raised in non-cancerous conditions, such as endometriosis and appendicitis. The result of elevated CA-125 must therefore be interpreted in the light of other clinical findings. Pelvic ultrasound can help to detect abnormal ovarian cysts. CT scans of the chest, abdomen and pelvis and chest x-rays are also useful in detecting whether are areas of the body is affected. Ultimately an operation or biopsy is required to prove that the organs affected are cancerous and originate from the ovaries.
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