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Kidney Cancer

Kidney Cancer - How to prevent?

Kidney Cancer - Causes and Risk Factors

Kidney Cancer - Preparing for surgery

Kidney Cancer - Post-surgery care

Kidney Cancer - Other Information

I have been diagnosed to have advanced kidney cancer. I have read about spontaneous remissions. What does that mean?

Occasionally, patients with advanced kidney cancer involving the lungs, have temporary disappearance of the kidney cancer in the lungs. After a while, the cancer returns. The reason for this is unknown.

My mother has advanced kidney cancer and she is not fit for surgery. Her urine is always heavily bloodstained. What can be done to stop the bleeding?

Radiotherapy to the kidney cancer may be able to stop the bleeding. Bleeding may also be stopped by embolisation. During this procedure, a thin tube is inserted through blood vessels in the groin and threaded up to the bleeding kidney. A gelling agent is injected into the blood vessel that supplies the cancer. This stops bleeding in most patients.

I have bloodstained urine periodically. Although I have seen a doctor on many occasions, only antibiotics have been prescribed. What more can be done?

There are a variety of causes of bloodstained urine, including infection, stone disease, and cancer of the urinary tract. Let your doctor know about your concerns regarding cancer. You may have to be referred to a urologist for further investigations.

Can I live a normal life with one kidney?

Yes, you can survive with one functioning kidney. Even with a slight impairment of functioning of the one kidney, one can still live normally and may not need dialysis.

How can I prevent recurrence of the cancer once I am in remission?

There are no proven recurrence prevention strategies at this point. You should continue with close follow up with your cancer specialist and maintain a healthy lifestyle. 

References

1. Fyfe G, Fisher RI, Rosenberg SA, et al. Results of treatment of 255 patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who received high-dose recombinant interleukin-2 therapy. J Clin Oncol 1995; 13:688. 
2. Motzer RJ, Hutson TE, Tomczak P, et al. Overall survival and updated results for sunitinib compared with interferon alfa in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. J Clin Oncol 2009; 27:3584. 
3. Hudes G, Carducci M, Tomczak P, et al. Temsirolimus, interferon alfa, or both for advanced renal-cell carcinoma. N Engl J Med 2007; 356:2271. 


For further enquiries on kidney cancer, please call the Cancer Helpline at (65) 6225 5655 or email to cancerhelpline@nccs.com.sg.

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