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pilocarpine eye drop

Drug Class: Commonly Known As: Category:
Pilocarpine Hydrochloride pilocarpine eye drop

pilocarpine eye drop - What is it for

Pilocarpine is used to treat glaucoma. Glaucoma is a condition where pressure in the eye is increased. Untreated glaucoma can affect your eyesight and cause blindness. Pilocarpine helps to reduce the pressure in your eye.

pilocarpine eye drop - Side Effects, Precautions, and Contraindications

What side effects can pilocarpine eye drop cause?

  • ​Blurred vision or difficulty seeing in poor lighting
  • Burning or stinging sensation
  • Tearing of your eyes
  • Aching feeling around the brow area
  • Headache
  • Dizziness

If you experience blurred vision, you should avoid driving or doing things in places with poor lighting.

If these side effects happen and do not go away, check with your doctor as soon as possible.

Before taking pilocarpine eye drop, what precautions must I follow?

​Inform your healthcare professional if:

  • You are allergic to this medication or any of the other ingredients of this medication

What food or medicine must I avoid when I take pilocarpine eye drop?

pilocarpine eye drop - Dosage and How to Use

How should pilocarpine eye drop be used?

  • ​Do not stop using your medication without checking with your healthcare professional
  • For proper use of eye drop
    • Wash your hands with soap and water, and read the instructions on the label
    • Shake the bottle
    • Tilt your head backwards and look up
    • Gently pull the lower eyelid down to form a pocket and squeeze the bottle to apply one drop into your eye. To prevent the tip of the bottle from getting dirty, make sure the tip does not touch the eye or any other surface
    • Close your eyes and press down gently on the inner corner of your eye for 1 to 2 minutes to allow the medicine to be absorbed and prevent it from being drained into the back of your throat
    • If you need to use more than 1 drop of medicine, or if you are using another type of eye drop, wait at least 5 to 10 minutes before applying the next eye drop. This is to prevent the first drop of medicine from being washed away by the second drop of medicine before it has time to work. This also prevents any medicine interactions between different eye drops
    • If your doctor prescribed both eye drops and eye ointments, you should use the eye drops first
  • For contact lens wearers:
    • Remove your contact lens before each application of medication
    • If you are using hard lens, you can put them on directly after applying the eye drops
    • If you are using soft lens, you can put them on 30 minutes after applying the eye drops. Otherwise, your lens may be damaged by the preservatives present in the eye drops
    • If you need to apply eye drops twice a day, it is recommended that you apply them once in the morning before you put on your lens, and at the end of the day after you remove your lens

What should I do if I miss a dose?

​If you forget to administer a dose, use it as soon as you remember. Then administer your next dose at the usual time. Do not use two doses to make up for the missed dose.

What should I do if I overdose?

pilocarpine eye drop - Handling

How should I handle pilocarpine eye drop safely?

pilocarpine eye drop - Storage

How should I store pilocarpine eye drop?

Keep away from children;#Keep in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight;#

​Record the date opened on the eye drop bottle. Throw away this medication one month after opening.

How should I dispose of pilocarpine eye drop safely?

​Pack this medication into a black trash bag and seal it tightly before throwing into the rubbish chute or bin.

pilocarpine eye drop - Additional Information

The symptoms of a drug allergy include one or more of the following:

  • Swollen face/eyes/lips/tongue
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Itchy skin rashes around your eyes or over your whole body

If you experience any of these symptoms, you should stop your medication and see your healthcare professional immediately.

  • Updated on
  • Article contributed by PSS National Medication Information Workgroup PSS National Medication Information Workgroup

    The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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