The symptoms of rheumatic fever include fever, joint pains, and either lumps under the skin or raised red patches on the skin.
Infective endocarditisA diagnosis can be obtained through history, physical examination, lab tests, ECG and echocardiogram.
Rheumatic feverRheumatic fever may be suspected following a recent throat infection. Symptoms include joint ache, abnormal electrocardiogram or heart inflammation as indicated in a blood test. Heart murmurs may be detected from routine examination.
Infective endocarditisDepending on the type of bacterium that caused the disease, an appropriate antibiotic or combination of antibiotics will be used to treat infective endocarditis. Severe cases may be corrected by valve replacement surgery.
Rheumatic feverPatients with rheumatic fever will be treated with antibiotics to eliminate streptococcal organisms that may still remain in the heart. Patients may receive antibiotics to prevent further infection, and inflammation may be treated with aspirin or cortisone-like drugs.
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