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Ocular Inflammation and Immunology

Ocular Inflammation and Immunology - Symptoms

Ocular Inflammation and Immunology - How to prevent?

Ocular Inflammation and Immunology - Causes and Risk Factors

What causes ocular inflammation?
Ocular inflammation may be the result of a wide variety of causes, including infection and inflammatory disorders. Some conditions may affect other parts of the body. In many cases however, despite thorough investigations, the cause remains unknown.

Condition

Symptoms

Possible diagnosis

Episcleritis
Scleritis

Redness, pain, watering

Idiopathic episcleritis Anterior scleritis
(diffuse or nodular, with or without necrosis)
Posterior scleritis

Anterior uveitis
Iritis
Iridocyclitis


Redness, pain,
photophobia,
watering,
elevated eye pressure, vision may or may not be
affected

Idiopathic Anterior Uveitis
HLA-B27 related uveitis
Herpetic keratouveitis
Posner Schlossman syndrome
Fuchs Heterochromic iridocyclitis
Cytomegalovirus anterior uveitis

Intermediate
uveitis
Vitritis
Pars Planitis

Floaters,
blurred vision

Idiopathic intermediate uveitis
Underlying systemic disease
(Multiple sclerosis, sarcoidosis, syphilis,
Tuberculosis, Lyme disease)

Posterior uveitis
Retinitis
Choroiditis
Chorioretinitis
Neuroretinitis

Blurred vision




Infective :
Toxoplasmosis
Viral retinitis (including acute retinal necrosis) :
Varicella zoster virus, herpes simplex virus,
cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus
Dengue-associated disease

Retinal Vasculitis






Blurred vision, floaters






Eales Disease
Behcets disease
Sarcoidosis
Systemic lupus erythematosus,
Polyarteritis nodosa
Wegeners granulomatosis
Infective:
Tuberculosis, syphilis, viral, toxoplasmosis

Panuveitis
(infective )
(Endophthalmitis)

All of above



Exogenous from open wound
e.g. trauma, post-op
Endogenous from internal source
through the blood stream e.g. hepatobiliary disease, urinary tract infection

Panuveitis
(non-infective)


All of above



Behcets Disease
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease
Sympathetic Ophthalmia
Sarcoidosis
Masquerade syndromes (tumour related)

Ocular Inflammation and Immunology - Preparing for surgery

Ocular Inflammation and Immunology - Post-surgery care

Ocular Inflammation and Immunology - Other Information

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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