Common treatments of dry eye syndrome include lifestyle changes and the use of eye drops. For more serious cases of dry eyes, surgery may be an option.
Lifestyle changes such as reduced contact lens wear, lowering the height of computer monitors, less exposure to air conditioning and a balanced diet with sufficient Omega 3 lipid components can have a significant impact on the control of dry eyes.
In cases of dry eyes that do not have clinical damage to the ocular surface (staining or keratitis), it is considered safe for patients to attempt to control the condition using over-the-counter medications called lubricants. Your ophthalmologist will advise you whether you have any ocular and systemic diseases. He/she will also advise you on drugs that can aggravate dry eyes and what to do in those circumstances.
Severe dry eye can be treated using more sophisticated methods such as steroids, punctual occlusion or surgery to close the lids.
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