Signs vary and include:
Auditory tests can reveal loss of hearing and the inability to understand speech.
A Computed Tomography (CT) or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan can show the presence of an acoustic neuroma, even those that are still in the internal ear canal (Figure 1).
SurgerySurgery may be required for patients with very large tumours causing severe brain compression and increased brain pressure.
A neurosurgeon and sometimes a ear, nose and throat surgeon will determine if surgery is suitable, depending on the size and location of the tumour, and the health of the patient.
During surgery, fat or muscle may be taken from the abdomen or thigh to close the wound. After surgery, thepatient will usually spend one to several days in the intensive care unit for monitoring and treatment.
Depending on the location of the tumour, side effects of the surgery may include hearing loss, facial weakness, paralysis, double vision, swallowing problems, mouth dryness, and unsteadiness.
The likelihood of unexpected complications is generally low but include infection, bleeding, stroke, seizures, paralysis of limbs, coma and death.
Radiation TherapySmaller tumours are usually treated by radiation. A high and precise dose of radiation is aimed at the tumour, with no or low damage to surrounding brain structures.
Support for Brain Tumours
Brain Tumour Society Singapore (BTSS)BTSS is a community of brain tumour patients, caregivers and survivors. The BTSS provides community supportand resources such as befrienders, financial assistance and public education. Started by brain cancer survivors,BTSS meets once a month so that members can share experiences and advice on how to cope with the disease.
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